Depression Treatments

Fact checked

By Menopause Now Editorial Team | Updated: Mar 27, 2020

Ladies

Besides various physical symptoms, like hot flashes or weight gain, women passing through the menopausal transition are often tormented with psychological ailments, one of them being depression. Luckily, depression is one of the most curable mental health conditions, and there are numerous ways to go about doing so.

Continue reading to learn everything you need to know about depression treatments so that you can regain control over your emotional health and restore long-lasting well-being.

Three Approaches to Treating Depression

There are three levels of treatment for depression from which women can choose: (1) Lifestyle Changes, (2) Alternative Medicine, and (3) Medications and Therapy. The goal is to begin with the most natural treatments, like lifestyle adjustments and herbal supplements alongside psychotherapy, and only move on to pharmacological treatments if necessary.

1

Lifestyle Changes for Depression

Lifestyle changes for depression

Making slight changes in one's lifestyle is the first level of depression treatment. It involves the lowest risks but, conversely, the most self-discipline.

Nutritious Diet

Depression is known to decrease appetite or cause overeating, thus compromising women's nutrition. As such, it is imperative to be mindful about maintaining a regular meal schedule with foods rich in healthy fats, complex carbs, and lean protein as well as the following micronutrients:

  • Phytoestrogens are plant compounds that exert weak estrogenic effects on the body, helping relieve symptoms of depression and other menopause ailments.
    • Soy, alfalfa, oats, tomatoes, flax

  • Omega-3 fatty acids have shown effective in the treatment of depression and other mental health illnesses.1
    • Fish, walnuts, chia, flax, sacha inchi

  • Tryptophan is the precursor of serotonin, the “happy hormone,” and its consumption has been found to lower depression symptoms.2
    • Eggs, sesame, salmon, spinach, nuts

  • Probiotics, good bacteria that occupy the gut,have been linked to a significant reduction in depression.3
    • Cheese, kefir, yogurt, kombucha, sauerkraut

Additionally, studies have shown that the Mediterranean diet - rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish, and low-fat dairy - helps decrease the risk of depression.4,5

Regular Exercise

Staying physically active is one of the best ways to give oneself a quick mood boost. For some women, it can even be as effective as antidepressants thanks to the serotonin, dopamine, and endorphins whose release it triggers.6 It may also help lower stress, which is a known risk factor for depression.

  • Amount: The recommendation for healthy adults is to do 150 minutes of low- to moderate-level exercises per week, or 75 minutes of high-intensity activity.7

  • Type: It is best to combine aerobic exercises, like dancing or jogging, with muscle-strengthening workouts, like those involving resistance bands. Walking outdoors can also be beneficial for treating depression.

  • Useful tips: While depressed, exercise might be the very last thing on a woman's mind. If so, it is best to start slow, even a few minutes daily, and gradually build up.

  • Precautions: Because the risk of osteoporosis is higher among middle-aged women due to hormonal imbalance, they are advised to stay away from strenuous or injury-prone sports.8

Wholesome Habits

To complement a healthy diet and exercise, women can consider various healthy habits that promote hormonal balance, relax the mind, and promote a better outlook on life while they undergo adequate depression treatment.

  • Reducing stress can lift the mind, calm down thoughts, promote relaxation, and reduce levels of cortisol, the stress hormone.9 Meditation, yoga, or deep breathing exercises are good options.

  • Considering alternative therapies, like acupuncture or biofeedback, have shown great effectiveness in lowering the severity and duration of depression.10,11

  • Spending time outdoors every day allows women to obtain adequate amounts of vitamin D, whose lack is known to contribute to the development depression, especially during winter months.12

  • Quitting addictions to smoking or excessive alcohol drinking is a key component of effective depression treatment. Studies have shown that both smokers and alcohol drinkers are more prone to depression.13,14

  • Creating a support network and doing volunteer work can give women a sense of belonging, reassurance that they are not alone, and a boost of “happy hormones,”all of which can be beneficial for healing from depression.15

2

Alternative Medicine for Depression

Alternative medicine for depression

Alternative medicine, which comprises the second treatment level, offers a number of options to treat menopausal depression by tackling its underlying cause, hormonal imbalance, at its source.

There are two types of herbal supplements that can be beneficial in depression treatments: phytoestrogenic and hormone-balancing supplements.

Phytoestrogenic Supplements

Phytoestrogenic supplements, like St. John's wort or red clover, work by introducing phytoestrogens - or plant-based estrogenic compounds - into the body, which mimic the body's own estrogen. This promotes hormonal balance to relieve depression and other menopausal ailments. However, their long-term use may cause the body to become less able to produce its own hormones, resulting in further imbalance.

Hormone-Regulating Supplements

Hormone-regulating supplements, like Macafem, do not contain any outside hormones. Rather, they function by providing the hormonal glands with nutrients to stimulate their own hormone production. This balances not only estrogen levels, but also those of progesterone and testosterone, thus alleviating symptoms of an imbalance. Since hormone-balancing supplements carry virtually no side effects, they are safe for long-term use.

From Nature and Health Magazine, Dr. Chacon says:

"Macafem's nutrients help restore natural hormones in women. Unlike hormone drugs, which are basically resumed in taking synthetic hormones, Macafem acts totally different in your body. It nourishes and stimulates your own natural hormone production by inducing the optimal functioning of the pituitary and endocrine glands." Click on the following link if you wantto learn more about Macafem.

A combination lifestyle changes and herbal supplements alongside psychotherapy is usually the most effective and holistic approach to treating depression. In some cases, however, it is necessary to add medications for optimal results.

3

Conventional Medicine for Depression

Conventional medicine for depression

There are two types of conventional approaches to treating depression: through psychotherapy, which has proven highly beneficial, and medications, which are also effective, but carry the highest risks and costs.

Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy is often the first recommended clinical treatment of depression. It generally requires a significant time commitment to see results. Most common types of therapy for depression are as follows: 

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most common type of therapy for depression,consisting of changing destructive or negative thought patterns and behaviors for more constructive ones.

  • Interpersonal therapy (IPT) is another effective form of psychotherapy to treat depression and prevent its relapse. It focuses on resolving conflicts in relationships that might be contributing to symptoms.

Medications

Most medications are designed to treat depression by altering the brain's chemistry, including neurotransmitters that affect mood and emotions. They also may help increase concentration, regulate appetite, and improve sleep patterns.

  • Antidepressants, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), are generally the first line of pharmacological treatments for depression.

  • Other medications that might also be prescribed for treating depression include mood stabilizers or antipsychotics, either alone or along with antidepressants.

  • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT),which contains estrogen, progesterone, or their combination, used to be the go-to treatment for depression and other menopause ailments. While HRT can relieve depression symptoms, its use has been linked to serious side effects and increased health risks, as the following studies have shown.

In 2019, researchers at Oxford University published results of a comprehensive analysis of worldwide data on HRT and breast cancer. They confirmed the 2002 findings of the Women's Health Initiative, the largest clinical trial on HRT, which were published in JAMA and showed that HRT increases the risk of breast and ovarian cancers, blood clots, and strokes. Their results, published in The Lancet, also showed that these risks can persist for over a decade after its discontinuation.16,17

Other Treatment Options

In the case of severe depression symptoms and an increased risk of suicide, other treatment options include electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) or transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS).

These three levels of depression treatment are not mutually exclusive. While women's needs change during the menopausal transition, they may naturally move between various approaches to ease their symptoms. More and more are finding that a combination of herbal supplements, lifestyle changes, and counseling is the most effective way to fight menopausal depression.

A Safe Way of Treating Depression

Implementing Lifestyle Changes:

  • Eating foods rich in phytoestrogens, probiotics, and tryptophans
  • Keeping up with regular physical activity, preferably outdoors
  • Reducing stress through mediation, yoga, and acupuncture
  • Creating a support network and engaging in volunteer activities

And Taking Herbal Supplements:

  • Phytoestrogenic herbal supplements, like St. John's wort
  • Or natural hormone-regulating supplements, like Macafem

Related Articles

Uncommon Treatments for Depression Uncommon Treatments for Depression
What Kind of Depression Therapies Are There? What Kind of Depression Therapies Are There?
How to Cure Postmenopausal Depression How to Cure Postmenopausal Depression
More on Depression