As the beginning stage of the menopause process, premenopause represents the first time women will feel the influence of hormones in their bodies. During this time, women report feeling bodily discomforts around their menstrual cycles, normally related to premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
In this section, women will find information about the reasons behind such bodily discomforts, some of which are directly related to hormones, and other external causes of premenopause symptoms.
Hormonal Causes of Premenopause
In a fascinating biological process, the female reproductive cycle relies on a delicate balance of hormones, namely estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone. As they have a big influence in vital bodily functions, any abnormal changes in their levels will produce discomfort in women, especially around their menstrual cycles, which is when hormone levels become erratic. Such reported discomforts are what women know as PMS.
It is normal that those hormonal changes confuse and upset women. Fortunately, with some information about how hormones work in their bodies, they will be confident about the changes happening within their bodies every month.
To learn more about the influence of hormones during premenopause, click on premenopause and hormones, or continue reading to learn about other causes of premenopause.
External Causes of Premenopause
It is undeniable that hormone fluctuations play a main role in the symptoms of PMS. In rare cases, however, such symptoms can be brought on or intensified by the following external factors:
Prolonged physical or emotional stress
Women's hormone production reacts to periods of prolonged physical or emotional stress - such as ongoing financial troubles or family obligations - by intensifying premenopause symptoms.
Diets rich in refined carbohydrates and low in essential nutrients
Increasingly common in the United States, these types of diets feature too much white bread and not enough fruits and vegetables, ultimately causing skewed production of certain hormones within the body.
Long-term exposure to artificial hormones or toxins
Certain artificial hormones and toxins - such as those found in cigarettes, ammonia, benzene, formaldehyde, and butane - can influence hormones in the body.
Hormones lie at the very root of premenopause symptoms. However, bear in mind that said symptoms can easily be confused with manifestations of other underlying conditions. To properly identify whether or not the discomforts are due to premenopause, visit the premenopause symptoms section.
- Love, S. (2003). Menopause and Hormone Book. New York: Three Rivers Press.
- Office on Women's Health. (2014). Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) fact sheet. Retrieved March 31, 2016, from http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/premenstrual-syndrome.html