- Menopause is an inevitable phase in every woman’s life as her reproductive years come to an end.
- It is defined as the time when a woman has gone without a period for 12 months in a row.
- It occurs due to a gradual decline in reproductive hormones, estrogen and progesterone, because of natural aging.
- Menopause can also be induced through surgery, like hysterectomy, or certain medications.
- The average age of menopause is 51.
- Perimenopause, which can last from 2 to 10 years, is when most intense menopause symptoms occur, including irregular periods, hot flashes, and night sweats.
- A year after the last period, a woman is referred to as postmenopausal.
- Postmenopausal women should be cautious of complications such as heart disease and osteoporosis.