Review on January 21, 2010
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is one of the most common conditions experienced by women, premenopause. The strength of PMS differs from woman to woman and in the past vitamin D supplements have been found to reduce the severity of such symptoms in women during premenopause. This is due to low calcium levels which have been recorded in many women of premenopause age that suffer from PMS. Until recently, the effect of calcium supplements on reducing the risk of PMS developing in women who have not suffered before during premenopause has been little researched.
New research aims to change the way in which calcium supplements are recommended for non PMS sufferers, premenopause. If simple calcium supplements can prevent PMS caused by menstrual hormones, then this treatment could be used to help young women fight PMS.
As part of the Nurses' Health Study conducted across the USA, a study cohort was assembled in order to assess the likelihood of PMS developing in women and there relative calcium consumption during premenopause years. In 1991 a group of 3025 women took part in this study and each woman's weekly calcium intake was recorded by food frequency questionnaires which were completed in 1991 and during the follow-up years of 1995 and 1999. As all the women involved had to be premenopause, participants were aged between 28 and 44 and suffered no PMS symptoms at the beginning of the trail.
The results of this study were reviewed in 2005 and researchers found that of 1057 women developed PMS symptoms during premenopause while a further 1968 women did not suffer from problems related to menstrual hormones during this period. When the food surveys were reviewed researchers recognized women who had a higher weekly intake of calcium in their diet had a 0.70 reduced risk of developing PMS during premenopause. Researchers noted that even women who consumed low fat or skimmed milk had a lowered risk of PMS as long as such milk was consumed regularly.
This research indicates that women during premenopause may be able to reduce the risk of PMS by regular calcium consumption, even if they have not suffered from the condition in the past. This is good news for women wanting to miss the stressful and emotional symptoms of PMS as well as reducing their risk of osteoporosis in the future by the regular consumption of calcium rich products during premenopause. Women who are not sure how to increase calcium levels should consult a doctor or a medical professional who can recommend the best ways of getting more calcium in the diets of women during premenopause. Calcium and vitamin D supplements may also be important in women who do not want to increase their consumption of vitamin rich foods.